There’s no support for managing Patch Policy directly inside the console.
The closest thing from directly inside the console is in the Server Automation features (part of the LifeCycle license), where you can run an operation like ‘Send actions for all Baselines in a site’.
Anything is possible through the REST API, if you wanted to approximate Patch Policy in a script, but that’s still outside the Console. In fact Patch Policy itself is using the API.
In the long run, as new features are added they are generally being added to the WebUI rather than the Console, and in the longer term the WebUI will be the primary interface. While you still need the Console for many areas today, the apps in the WebUI are generally more modern and have better functionality - like Patch Policy, Query, Self-Service App, and Software Deployment App.